Infos climat FLASH INFO du Portail du CILSS dans le domaine du Changement Climatique et de la Gestion Durable des Terres en Afrique de l'Ouest

Events

Inspiring examples of action on land use to curb emissions

unfccreddAt the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn (4 – 15 June), governments are looking closely at how land use, including forests and agriculture, can assist in reducing emissions. According to the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the agriculture and forestry sectors play a crucial role in curbing greenhouse gases, as they account for around 24 percent of total emissions.Governments can only manage what they can measure, and the stringent reporting requirements of the Kyoto Protocol has been an effective tool in the management of forests in industrialized countries as absorbers of carbon.

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A guidance manual for development planning: adapting to climate variability abd change

usaiddoc3Climate change may pose risks and/or create opportunities for  development efforts in many countries. The USAID Global Climate Change Team developed this Adaptation Guidance Manual to assist Missions and other partners to understand how climate change may affect their project outcomes and identify adaptation options to integrate into the design for more resilient projects.  In developing the Manual we worked under the following assumptions:

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Projet CILSS-AFD/FFEM CC : Réalisation et diffusion d’initiatives innovantes au Bénin, Niger et Sénégal

beninDans le cadre de la mise en œuvre des activités du projet « Intégration de l’adaptation au changement climatique dans les secteurs de l’agriculture et de l’élevage en Afrique de l’Ouest » financé par l’AFD (FFEM), un appel d’offre a été lancé en 2013 pour sélectionner des projets innovants concernant des initiatives d’adaptation des producteurs au changement climatique. Il s’agit spécifiquement, d’appuyer la mise en œuvre de projets axés sur l’innovation technologique ou la diffusion de techniques peu connues ou faiblement diffusées permettant aux producteurs de s’adapter aux changement et variabilité climatiques.

Read more: Projet CILSS-AFD/FFEM CC : Réalisation et diffusion d’initiatives innovantes au Bénin, Niger et...

Scaling-up agroecological approaches: what, why and how?

Key message: A radical shift is urgently needed in agricultural and food systems to allow the world to feed itself sustainably today and in the future. With the number of undernourished people estimated at 842 million people in 2011–13 (FAO,  2013b), the industrial agrifood syste m as a whole has failed to feed the world, while being responsible for nearly half of the world’s human greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, for strengthening social inequities among actors in the whole agrifood supply chain, and for further polluting and depleting natural resources among others.

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Agricultural innovations in small-scale farming systems of Sudano-Sahelian West Africa: Some prerequisites for success

 

erosion traitement1This scientific result have been published by Andreas Buerkert and Eva Schlecht in 2013 (Sécheresse 2013 ; 24 : 322–329). Intensified land use leading to ever shorter fallow periods, overuse of crop residues and woody perennials for feed, as fire wood and construction material, and temporary overstocking of pastures have shaped our image of doomsday scenarios in Sudano-Sahelian West Africa. While the described phenomena have undoubtedly contributed to a widespread decline in soil productivity of the vast marginal agropastoral millet and sorghum based land use systems, a few, largely overlooked, innovations have allowed enhancing productivity across a range of agro-ecological and socio-economic conditions.

Read more: Agricultural innovations in small-scale farming systems of Sudano-Sahelian West Africa: Some...

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